Vitamin E May Decrease Risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Study Finds
Long-term, regular use of vitamin E in women 45 years of age and older may help decrease the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Study participants had a 10 percent less chance of contracting COPD, this occurred in both smokers and non-smokers, according to a study conducted by researchers at Cornell University and Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
“As lung disease develops, damage occurs to sensitive tissues through several proposed processes, including inflammation and damage from free radicals,” said researchers with Cornell University’s Division of Nutritional Sciences. “Vitamin E may protect the lung against such damage.”
The results of the study are being presented at the ATS 2010 International Conference in New Orleans.
“The findings from our study suggest that increasing vitamin E prevents COPD,” reported the researchers “Previous research found that higher intake of vitamin E was associated with a lower risk of COPD, but the studies were not designed to answer the question of whether increasing vitamin E intake would prevent COPD. Using a large, randomized controlled trial to answer this question provided stronger evidence than previous studies.” They reviewed data compiled by the Women’s Health Study, a multi-year, long-term effort ending in 2004 that focused on the effects of aspirin and vitamin E in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer in nearly 40,000 women aged 45 years and older. Study participants were randomized to receive either 600 mg of vitamin E or a placebo every other day during the course of the research.
Although fewer women taking vitamin E developed COPD, they noted the supplements appeared to have no effect on asthma, and women taking vitamin E supplements were diagnosed with asthma at about the same rate as women taking placebo pills. Importantly, the decreased risk of COPD in women who were given vitamin E was the same for smokers as for non-smokers.
Further research will explore the way vitamin E affects the lung tissue and function, and will assess the effects of vitamin E supplements on lung diseases in men.
“If results of this study are borne out by further research, clinicians may recommend that women take vitamin E supplements to prevent COPD,” the researchers noted.
American Thoracic Society (2010, May 16). “Long-term use of vitamin E may decrease COPD risk”