Native American dancerThe first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New YorkRed Fox James, a Blackfeet Indian, rode horseback from state to state to get endorsements from 24 state governments to have a day to honor American Indians. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed a joint congressional resolution designating November 1990 as “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations have been issued every year since 1994, and we now refer to this celebration as “American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month.” This Facts for Features presents statistics for American Indians and Alaska Natives, as this is one of the six major race categories classified by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

Population

6.6 million
The nation’s population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, including those of more than one race. They made up about 2.0 percent of the total population in 2015.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates

10.2 million
The projected American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, on July 1, 2060. They would constitute 2.4 percent of the total population.
Source: 2014 National Population Projections, Tables 10 and 11

559,796
The American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, age 65 and over, on July 1, 2015.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates

21
The number of states with 100,000 or more American Indian and Alaska Native residents, alone or in combination, in 2015. These states were CaliforniaOklahomaTexasArizonaNew YorkNew MexicoWashingtonNorth CarolinaFloridaMichiganColoradoAlaskaIllinoisOregonMinnesotaGeorgiaPennsylvaniaVirginiaOhioWisconsin and New Jersey.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates

19.5%
The percentage of Alaska’s population identified as American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2015, the highest share for this race group of any state. Alaskawas followed by Oklahoma (13.6 percent), New Mexico (11.8 percent), South Dakota (10.3 percent) and Montana (8.3 percent).
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates

30.2
The median age for those who were American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2015. This compares with a median age of 37.8 for the U.S. population as a whole.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates

Reservations

326
The number of federally recognized American Indian reservations in 2016, including federal reservations and off-reservation trust land. Excluding Hawaiian Home Lands, the Census Bureau provides statistics for 631 American Indian and Alaska Native legal and statistical areas.
Source: Census Bureau Geography Division

Tribes

567
The number of federally recognized Indian tribes in 2016.
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs, 2016

Families

1,792,840
The number of American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2015 (households with a householder who was American Indian and Alaska Native alone or in combination with another race). Of these, 38.1 percent were married-couple families, including those with children.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

5.7%
The percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination with other races, age 30 and over, who were grandparents living with at least one of their grandchildren in 2015.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

Housing

53.1%
The percentage of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native householders who owned their own home in 2015. This is compared with 63.0 percent of the overall population.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

Languages

27.1%
The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives age 5 and older who spoke a language other than English at home in 2015, compared with 21.5 percent for the nation as a whole.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

Education

82.7%
The percentage of the American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, age 25 and older that had at least a high school diploma, GED certificate or alternative credential in 2014. In addition, 19.1 percent obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher. In comparison, 87.1 percent of the overall population age 25 and older had a high school diploma or higher, and 30.6 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

41.3%
The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives age 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher whose degree was in science and engineering, or science and engineering-related fields in 2015. This compares with 44.1 percent for all people age 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher in science and engineering, or science and engineering-related fields in 2015.
Sources: 2015 American Community Survey

14.1%
The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives age 25 and older who had a bachelor’s, graduate or professional degree in 2015.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

Businesses

26,757
The estimated number of American Indian and Alaska Native-owned employer firms in 2014.
Source: 2014 Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs

Jobs

26.4%
The percentage of civilian-employed, single-race American Indian and Alaska Native people, age 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2015. In addition, 23.9 percent worked in service occupations and 23.4 percent in sales and office occupations. There is no statistically significant difference between the percentage who worked in service occupations and the percentage who worked in office occupations.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

Veterans

130,802
The number of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native veterans of the U.S. armed forces in 2015.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey
Income and Poverty

$38,530
The median household income of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2015. This compares with $55,775 for the nation as a whole.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey
26.6%
The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who were in poverty in 2015, the highest rate of any race group. For the nation as a whole, the poverty rate was 14.7 percent.
Sources: 2015 American Community Survey

Health Insurance

20.7%
The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who lacked health insurance coverage in 2015. For the nation as a whole, the corresponding percentage was 9.4 percent.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey

source: US Census Bureau

Geraldine Jensen

Publisher and Editor of Families Online Magazine. Our experts provide warm, loving, and generous advice for you, your family and children, no matter their age -- infants, school age, 'tweens, and teenagers. Features include:Parenting, Ages and Stages of Child Development, Child Support, Cooking, Health, Children's Books, Nutrition, Christian Parenting, Relationships, Green-living, Education and School

Ms. Jensen is a leading advocate for families and children and was the founder and president of ACES, The Association for Children for Enforcement of Support.
https://www.familiesonlinemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/native-american.jpghttps://www.familiesonlinemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/native-american-150x150.jpgGeraldine JensenNewsAlaska,Native Americans,Native Heritage MonthThe first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New York. Red Fox James, a Blackfeet Indian, rode horseback from state to state to get endorsements from 24 state governments to have a day to honor American Indians. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed a joint congressional resolution designating November 1990 as 'National American...Parenting Advice and Family Fun Activities