When Tonsillitis Keeps Coming Back
Some kids get tonsillitis, or infected tonsils, repeatedly. A new study found that strep can destroy immune cells that help prevent tonsillitis. In fact step germs trick, the body’s immune cells to kill each other, rather than the germs. Luckily this doesn’t happen to everyone it only occurs only if you have a genetic makeup which makes you more vulnerable to this effect.
Tonsils are made up of tissue at the back of your throat. They can help stop infections by trapping germs and bacteria that come in through your nose and mouth. When you get tonsillitis, the tonsils swell and become painful.
Children who get tonsillitis repeatedly may need to have their tonsils removed.
Researchers compared tonsils removed from children who had repeated bouts of tonsillitis with those from children who had them removed for other reasons, such as a sleep disorder.
Kids with repetitive tonsillitis had more of TFH cells, immune cells. TFH cells help immune cells ( B cells), make antibodies to fight infection. But the kids with tonsillitis, again and again, had fewer B cells and antibodies that guard against strep.
The study results suggest there may be a way to make a vaccine that trains the immune system to prevent recurring bouts of tonsillitis, says Dr. Shane Crotty, who led the study at the La Jolla Institute for Immunology.
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